SCIENTIFIC PAPERS RELATED TO MEASUREMENT OF CARDIAC OUTPUT BY THE NEW THORACIC ELECTRICAL BIOIMPEDANCE (TEB) TECHNOLOGY UTILIZING THE SRAMEK'S EQUATION

For explanation of problems related to Kubicek's TEB equation and how Sramek's equation resolves these problems, read:
Bernstein DP. Noninvasive Cardiac Output Measurement. Textbook of Critical Care, 2nd Ed.1989 (Saunders): 159-185


Spinale FG, et al. Comparison of bioimpedance and thermodilution methods for determining cardiac output: Experimental and clinical studies. Ann Thorac Surg 1988;45:421-425

Goli VD, et al. Noninvasive evaluation of aortic stenosis severity utilizing Doppler ultrasound and electrical bioimpedance. J Am Col Cardiol 1988;II:66-71

Bernstein DP, et al. Continuous noninvasive real-time monitoring of stroke volume and cardiac output by thoracic electrical bioimpedance. Crit Care Med 1986;14:898-901

Mattar J, et al. A clinical comparison between cardiac output measured by thermodilution versus noninvasive thoracic electrical bioimpedance. Acute Care 1986;12:58-60

Capan LM, et al. Measurement of ejection fraction by bioimpedance. Crit Care Med 1987; 15:402

Shoemaker WC, et al. Multicomponent noninvasive physiologic monitoring of circulatory function. Crit Care Med 1988;16:482-490

Prasad R, et al. A three-way comparison between Doppler, bioimpedance and invasive indices of left ventricular function. Am Fed for Clin Res 1986;34;1

Rowland TW, et al. Thoracic bioimpedance measurement of cardiac response to maximal cycle exercise. J Cardiopulm Rehab 1989;9:311-315

Bernstein DP. New stroke volume equation for thoracic electrical bioimpedance: Theory and rationale. Crit Care Med 1986;15:904-909

McKinley DF, et al. A comparison of thoracic bioimpedance to thermodilution cardiac output in critically ill children. Crit Care Med 1987;5:358

Appel PL, et al. Evaluation of a continuous, on-line real-time noninvasive cardiac output and ejection fraction in critically ill patients. Crit Care Med 1987;15:364

Shellock FG, et al. Cardiac output in critically ill patients by a new noninvasive bioimpedance system: Comparison with the thermodilution method. The Physiologist 1987;30:215

Colace F, et al. Comparison between a new impedance cardiography method and thermodilution in the measurement of cardiac output. Off Acts of XIII Europ Congr on Noninv Cardiovasc Dynamics 1985:683-686

Lax A, et al. Non-invasive determination of cardiac output: Comparison of a new method of impedance cardiography and echocardiographic measurements. Off Acts of XIII Europ Congr on Noninv Cardiovasc Dynamics 1985:244-247

Wong DH, et al. Noninvasive cardiac output: Simultaneous comparisons of two methods with thermodilution. J Clin Monitor 1988;4:163-164

Saunders CE. Use of transthoracic electrical bioimpedance in assessing thoracic fluid status in emergency department patients. Am J Emerg Med 1988;6:337-340

Aupetit JF, et al. Measurement of cardiac output by a new non-invasive bioimpedance system: Comparison with the Fick method. J Europ Soc of Card 1988:9:332

Hanna L, et al. Noninvasive ejection fraction monitoring: A comparison of the impedance method to the radionuclide cardiography. Anesth 1988;69:A308

Belik J, et al. Thoracic electrical bioimpedance measurement of cardiac output in the newborn infant. J Pediatr 1988;113:890-895

Saladin V, et al. Comparison of cardiac output estimation by thoracic electrical bioimpedance, thermodilution and Fick methods. Crit Care Med 1988;16:1157-1158

Wong DH, et al. Changes in cardiac output after acute blood loss and position change in man. Crit Care Med 1989;17:979-983

Introna RPS, et al. Use of transthoracic bioimpedance to determine cardiac output in pediatric patients. Crit Care Med 1988;16:1101-1105

Haljame H, et al. Influence of preoperative fluid regime on hemodynamic stability and leg blood flow in vascular surgical patients during epidural anesthesia. Reg Anesth 1988;13;25:3

Appel PL, et al. Noninvasive monitoring systems for acute care. Anesth 1988:43-46

Klocke RK, et al. Continuous noninvasive real-time monitoring of cardiac output by means of the new beat-to-beat bioimpedance. Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin 1989;26:161-167

Castor G, et al. Measurement of cardiac output with the aid of noninvasive electrical bioimpedance in comparison with the thermodilution method. Anaesthesiologie und Intesivmedizin 1988:339-344

Lopez-Saucedo A, et al. Feasibility of noninvasive physiologic monitoring in resuscitation of trauma patients in the emergency department. Crit Care Med 1989;17:567-568

Lin H, et al. Thoracic fluid index in normal adult and patients with different type of chest disease. Chin Med J 1988;42:191-196

Mattar JA, et al. Noninvasive cardiac output determination by thoracic electrical bioimpedance. Int & Crit Care Digest 1988;7:14-17

Wong DH, et al. Thoracic bioimpedance and Doppler cardiac output measurement: Learning curve and interobserver reproducibility. Crit Care Med 1989;17:1194-1198

Wong DH, et al. Noninvasive cardiac output: Simultaneous comparison of two different methods with thermodilution. J Anesth 1990;72:4-12

Appel P, et al. Comparison of measurements of cardiac output by bioimpedance and thermodilution in severely ill surgical patients. Crit Care Med 1986;14:933-935

Klocke RK, et al. Noninvasive assessment of hemodynamics in patients with different pacemaker functions using bioimpedance. Pac Therap and Electrophys 1990;1:18-26

Castor G, et al. Determination of cardiac output during positive end-expiratory pressure: Noninvasive electrical bioimpedance compared with standard thermodilution. Crit Care Med 1990;18:544-546

Cox C, et al. Continuous measurement of cardiac output by impedance cardiography during submaximal exercise. B J Clin Pharm 1989;28:227-228

Huang KC, et al. Stroke volume measurements by electrical bioimpedance and echocardiography in healthy volunteers. Crit Care Med 1990;18;11:1274-1278

Jivegard L, et al. Cardiac output in patients with acute lower limb ischaemia of presumed embolic origin - a predictor of severity of outcome? Eur J Surg 1990;4:401-407

Clancy VT, et al. Cardiac output measurement in critical care patients: Thoracic electrical bioimpedance versus thermodilution. J of Trauma 1991;31;8

Lumb PD. Noninvasive cardiac output. Perspectives in Crit Care 1988;1:45-59

Sramek BB. Hemodynamic and pump-performance monitoring by electrical bioimpedance: New concepts. Problems in Resp Care 1989;2:274-290 (JB Lippincott Co)

Sramek BB. Thoracic electrical bioimpedance: Basic principles and physiologic relations. Noninvas Cardiology 1994;3(2):83-88.

Faini A. et al. Cardiac index assessment: Validation of a new non-invasive very low current thoracic bioimpedance device by thermodilution. Blood Pressure, 2013; Early Online: 17

 

ANIMAL STUDIES

Tremper KK, et al. Continuous noninvasive estimation of cardiac output by electrical bioimpedance: An experimental study in dogs. Crit Care Med 1986;14:231-233

Spinale FG, et al. Non-invasive estimation of extravascular lung water. J Invest Surg 1988; 47:1-6

Spinale FG, et al. Relationship of Bioimpedance to thermodilution and echocardiographic measurements of cardiac function. Crit Care Med 1990;18:414-418

Jivegard L, et al. Cardiac output determination in the pig - Thoracic electrical bioimpedance versus thermodilution. Crit Care Med 1990;18:995-998